This is a deformation and disruption of the normal function of the veins in the legs. Under normal circumstances, the blood in the veins moves from the bottom up, this is achieved through the contraction of the heart, the coordinated work of the vessel's elastic walls, the muscles around the vessels and the valves in the veins. This valve allows blood to flow upwards and prevents the flow in the opposite direction. In the event of a collision, the vessel wall expands, the valve slit deviates, and the blood can partially move in the opposite direction, creating a backflow, expanding the vessel wall further and weakening the valve. Varicose veins appear. The disease is very common in people over 30 years of age, and often women suffer from it.
Causes and prevention of varicose veins in the lower leg
The cause of varicose veins lies in most cases in an unstable lifestyle: we are in a static state for a long time (especially sitting), we do not put the necessary load on the muscles. The following risk factors can also affect:
- clothing that is too tight (pants, knee socks),
- uncomfortable shoes (especially high heels),
- hormonal imbalance,
- frequent hot showers, sauna visits,
- long-term serious physical activity, weight loss,
The main prevention of varicose veins is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Even if you have an inactive job, try not to sit still for several hours in a row: get up, stretch your legs, walk more; and do not forget about a balanced diet, which, along with moderate physical activity, will save you from many diseases.
Pregnancy is also one of the major risk factors for varicose veins. But genetic predisposition is still being studied, and there are even a number of studies that contradict it.
The disease can develop slowly: for years or decades. Symptoms in the early stages vary, but for convenience they are combined into certain complexes under the weight of the feet:
- tired legs without serious stress,
- vein pain,
- night cramps in calves,
- attracts sensations in the legs.
If you do not detect the symptoms of varicose veins at an early stage, the veins will become more deformed. At night, swelling in the legs and ankles will begin to appear, late in the morning; spider veins will appear, and then swollen veins and nodules on them will be felt. If you do not turn to a specialist at this stage, in addition to a decline in quality of life, obvious pain syndrome, a person is at risk of getting skin pigmentation and trophic boils. Further varicose veins carry complications such as bleeding from venous nodes and the risk of developing serious diseases such as thrombosis, which can be fatal without consulting a specialist.
The diagnosis of varicose veins is quite simple - these are surveys, patient examinations and ultrasound scans, which will show the affected vein area and the degree of damage to select the optimal treatment. If for some reason (for example, when the damaged vein is located inside), the ultrasound does not provide all the necessary information, then the specialist will perform an additional examination - phlebography - the introduction of a contrast agent into the vein, which, under X-rays, will show changessmallest in veins along the bloodstream.
Treatment of varicose veins in the lower leg
Treatment of varicose veins without surgery (special physical exercise, massage, wearing compression pants, taking medication to strengthen the walls of blood vessels) will only help in the early stages. But, unfortunately, very few patients go to the specialist at this time. Perhaps due to the widespread spread of this disease, many rely on alternative treatment methods that have not yet proven their effectiveness and lost valuable time, or they retreat into varicose veins to the point of unbearable pain syndrome, signifying further stages.
Varicose vein surgical treatment, like other surgical interventions, requires a team of qualified physicians leading the patient. However, there are serious contraindications to surgery, so trust your health only to an experienced specialist in a complete medical center.
For our patients, we are willing to provide all methods of treatment that have been proven and clinically proven: from conservative (non-surgical) to surgical. Among the most effective are:
- laser freezing (removal with a laser, i. e. with heat exposure in a widened vessel area) - this method is suitable for small vessels and for removing spider veins located near the surface of the skin;
- sclerotherapy (injecting a special substance into a vein that clogs it securely) - this method is only suitable for small, peripheral vessels;
- phlebectomy is surgery to remove the affected vein area; it is used in advanced stages of disease of the large veins;
- radio frequency freezing.
The choice of treatment method depends on many factors (neglect of varicose veins, the patient's condition, contraindications to manipulation). Specialists seek to give patients the most detailed information about their condition, listen to the wishes and decide on the appropriate treatment method for a particular condition.